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地震重点监视防御区政府职能履行现状研究
李健1) 续新民2) 林碧苍2) 石玉瑜2) 陈明金1) 刘强1)
1)中国地震局政策法规司,北京市海淀区复兴路63 号100036;2)中国地震局深圳防震减灾科技交流培训中心,深圳518003
摘要:
地震灾害是中国社会稳定和经济发展的重大风险源,而地震风险控制是社会多元主体参与的复合型风险治理模式。本课题以风险理论为基础,在调查问卷、访谈、座谈、考察调研和现行文献研究的基础上,通过对地震重点监视防御区政府职能履行现状的研究,分析影响地震重点监视防御区制度实施的各种因素,进而提出加强地震重点监视防御区中央和地方政府社会管理和公共服务职能的政策性措施与建议,旨在完善地震重点监视防御区地震风险管理制度,形成政府社会共同应对地震社会风险,降低社会易损性,从而达到控制地震社会风险的目的。
关键词:  防震减灾  社会管理  公共服务  政策措施建议
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:国家社科基金重大项目“全国地震重点监视防御区制度实施现状、成效及对策研究”资助(11&ZD054)
The government functions and execution of governmental duty in the earthquake prevention and disaster reduction system of the National Significant Seismic Monitoring and Protection Regions
Li Jian1) Xu Xinmin2) Lin Bicang1) Shi Yuyu2) Chen Mingjin1) Liu Qiang1)
1)Department of Policy and Regulations,China Earthquake Administration,Beijing 100036,China;2) Shenzhen Training Center for Science and Technology Exchange in Earthquake Preparedness and Mitigation,CEA,Shenzhen 518003,Guangdong,China
Abstract:
The risks and uncertainties that earthquakes brought are a crucial impact of China' s stability and prosperity. And seismic risk controlling needs integrated risk governances,which all stakeholder groups should be involved in. Based on risk theories and the results of questionnaire surveys,interviews and literature review,this paper systematically studied the institutional design,government functions and execution of governmental duty involved of the national risk management programs of the National Significant Seismic Monitoring and Protection Regions,and finds out the crucial social factors which effected the policy implementation. According to the analysis above,we provided policy recommendations about social management and public services for both central and local government in the National Significant Seismic Monitoring and Protection Regions. Through our work,we hope to bring innovations for social management and risk control, strengthen the functions of government,and improve national risk management programs in the National Significant Seismic Monitoring and Protection Regions,encourage all stakeholders to get engaged in seismic risk regulating,promote participation of all stakeholder groups to response to earthquakes,and finally reduce the vulnerability and control the seismic risks.
Key words:  Earthquake prevention and disaster reduction system  Social management  Public services  Policy recommendations