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地震重点监视防御区制度实施现状调查分析(山东县级)
王伟1) 晁洪太2) 李波2) 冯恩国3) 刘洪瑞1) 李峰1)
1)泰安基准地震台,山东省泰安市红门东路罗汉崖2 号271000;2)山东省地震局,济南250014;3)聊城地震水化试验站,山东聊城252000
摘要:
本文以山东省县级防震减灾工作为研究对象,对中国地震局在全国范围内开展的两次地震重点监视防御区制度实施情况调查问卷进行了统计分析,从组织机构、经费预算、监测预报、震害防御、应急救援和宣传教育等6 个方面的14 项具体指标展开对比分析,通过对各项指标在时间纵向的发展变化、在重防区内外的发展差异以及与全国同期水平的对比分析,详细总结了地震重点监视防御区制度在山东省县级层面的实施现状及其原因,并提出了推进地震重点监视防御区制度实施的政策建议。
关键词:  地震重点监视防御区  实施现状  问卷调查
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基金项目:国家社科基金重大项目“全国地震重点监视防御区制度实施现状、成效及对策研究”(11&ZD054 )和山东省地震局合同制项目(13Y48、14Y56)联合资助
Surveys and analysis of the implementation of earthquake prevention and disaster reduction system in the National Significant Seismic Monitoring and Protection Regions ( County-level in Shandong Province)
Wang Wei1) Chao Hongtai2) Li Bo2) Feng Enguo3) Liu Hongrui1) Li Feng1)
1) Tai'an Fiducial Seismic Station,Tai'an 271600,Shandong,China;2) Earthquake Administration of Shandong Province,Ji'nan 250014,China; 3) Liaocheng Seismic Hydrochemical Observation Station,Liaocheng 252000,Shandong,China
Abstract:
The implementation of earthquake prevention and disaster mitigation is the major research object in this article. China Earthquake Administration promoted twice national questionnaire survey about the National Significant Seismic Monitoring and Protection Regions (NSSMPR) . According to the questionnaires,we compared fourteen detailed indexes. These indexes are extracted from six aspects,which are institutional framework,appropriation budget, monitoring and forecasting,earthquake disaster prevention,emergency rescue and publicity and education. Then we compared the survey results between 2007 and 2012,those between NSSMPR counties and non-NSSMPR counties,and those between NSSMPR counties and the national mean level. We summarized the implementing situation and the causes of National Significant Seismic Monitoring and Protection Regions system on county-level in Shandong Province. Finally,we proposed policy suggestion to promote the National Significant Seismic Monitoring and Protection Regions system.
Key words:  The National Significant Seismic Monitoring and Protection Regions  Present implementing situation  Questionnaire survey