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全国地震重点监视防御区县级机构 防震减灾能力对比研究
吴新燕,高孟潭,伍国春,郎从
中国地震局地球物理研究所,北京市海淀区民族大学南路5 号100081
摘要:
以中国地震局在2007 年和2012 年组织的针对全国地震重点监视防御区的两次大 规模问卷调查为依据,以东、中、西部9 个省的县级防震减灾机构的工作为研究对象,在对组织 机构及经费保障、监测预报能力、工程性防御能力、应急准备能力、宣传教育5 个方面共16 个技 术指标进行统计对比的基础上,就地震重点监视防御区制度的实施情况和实施成效从时间上 进行对比分析研究。结果表明,几乎所有指标均有不同程度的提高。此外,本文还针对地方防 震减灾工作中存在的一些问题,给出了建议。
关键词:  地震重点监视防御区  防震减灾能力  对比研究
DOI:
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基金项目:国家社科基金重大项目“全国地震重点监视防御区制度实施现状、成效及对策研究”( 11&ZD054 )和2012 年中国地震局地球物理研究所基本业务专项(DQJB12B24)共同资助
Comparative study on county-level capability of earthquake prevention and disaster reduction system in the National Significant Seismic Monitoring and Protection Regions
Wu Xinyan Gao Mengtan Wu Guochun,Lang Cong
Institute of Geophysics,China Earthquake Administration,Beijing 100081,China
Abstract:
Based on two large-scale questionnaire surveys organized by China Earthquake Administration in 2007 and 2012 among the National Significant Seismic Monitoring and Protection Regions,the paper took the county level administrative departments in charge of earthquake monitoring and precaution in 9 provinces of Eastern,Central and Western China as research objects,and compared 16 indicators in 5 aspects of the organization and funds safeguard, monitoring and forecasting ability, engineering defense capability, emergency readiness capability,publicity and education. The paper analyzed the implementation of significant seismic monitoring and protection regions system on time scales. The results showed that almost all the indexes have different degrees of increase. In addition,this paper also points out some existing problems in local earthquake prevention and disaster reduction,and makes suggestions for improvement.
Key words:  The National Significant Seismic Monitoring and Protection Regions  Capability of earthquake prevention and disaster reduction  Comparative study