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前震序列的图像特征研究
陈颙1) 刘杰2) 杨文2)
1)中国地震局,北京市复兴路63号100036;2)中国地震台网中心,北京100045
摘要:
地震丛集在时间和空间上分布具有不同的特征,2个特殊的例子就是前震序列和震群。基于对1966~1996年中国大陆8个前震序列的分析,本研究提取了如下前震序列的图像特征:①前震序列的震中在空间上密集集中;②前震的震源机制与主震的震源机制相似,而这种与主震震源机制的一致性在余震序列和震群中并不存在;③这30年在中国大陆我们尚未发现主震之前的前震丛集的震源机制不一致。最后,我们发现中国大陆5%的主震前发生前震序列。
关键词:  前震序列  地震图像  震源机制一致性
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(59574203)、地震联合基金(95070437 )共同资助;本文是作者1990年代的研究成果,原文发表在Pure Appl Geophys (1999 年第155 卷第395~408页)。现以中文发表,供地震分析预测研究人员参考。
Pattern characteristics of foreshock sequences
Chen Yong1) Liu Jie2) Yang Wen2)
1)China Earthquake Administration,Beijing 100036,China;2)China Earthquake Networks Center,Beijing 100045,China
Abstract:
Earthquake clusterings in both space and time have various forms. Two typical examples are the foreshock sequences and earthquake swarms. Based on the analysis of 8 foreshock sequences in Chinese mainland during 1966 ~ 1996,this study concentrates on the pattern characteristics of foreshock sequences. The following pattern characteristics of foreshock sequences have been found: ( 1 ) The epicenters of foreshock sequences were densely concentrated in space. (2) The focal mechanisms of foreshocks were similar to that of the main shock. Such consistency of focal mechanisms with main shocks did not exist in aftershock series as well as in several earthquake swarms. (3) We found no case in Chinese mainland during the past 30 years that a main shock was preceded by an earthquake clustering with inconsistent focal mechanisms. Finally,we found 5% of the main shocks in Chinese mainland were preceded by foreshock sequences.
Key words:  Foreshock sequence  Seismic pattern  Consistency of focal mechanism