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不同激发环境下井中气枪震源特征研究
杨微1) 王宝善1) 刘政一1) 杨军2) 李孝宾2) 陈颙1)
1)中国地震局地球物理研究所(地震观测与地球物理成像重点实验室),北京市民族大学南路5号 100081;2)云南省地震局,昆明 650224
摘要:
基于单枪容量为250 in3的BHS-2200LL井中气枪,在内径0.2、5.0m不同激发井中开展了气枪震源特征对比分析,研究表明:①5.0m井中气枪激发产生的信号优势频率集中在10~40Hz,比在0.2m井中的低,这主要是由于较大水体利于气泡的振荡;②在能量方面,5.0m井中激发信号的能量强于0.2m井中的,相差1个数量级,单次激发的传播距离可达9km;③2种激发环境下产生的气枪信号都具有较好的重复性。
关键词:  人工震源 井中气枪 激发环境 震源特征 重复性
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(41204047、41574052)、云南省陈颙院士工作站专项经费(2014IC007)共同资助
Study on the source characteristic of downhole air­gun with different exciting environment
Yang Wei1) Wang Baoshan1) Liu Zhengyi1) Yang Jun2) Li Xiaobin2) Chen Yong1)
1)Key Laboratory of Seismic Observation and Geophysical Imaging,Institute of Geophysics,CEA, Beijing 100081,China;2)Earthquake Administration of Yunnan Province,Kunming 650224,China
Abstract:
The measurement on underground medium variation using a repeated artificial source has gradually become another important goal to pursue. In recent years,we developed and improved a technology system with large capacity air-gun excited in land reservoirs by transplanting the marine seismic exploration technology. The excitation effect has close relationship with the capacity of air-gun,water environment,and excitation conditions. As large capacity air-gun must be excited without water environment,we expand the system to downholes. Based on the BHS-2200LL downhole air-gun with the capacity of 250 in3,this paper carries out the characteristics analysis with excitments in 0.2m and 5.0m wells,and the results showed that:(1)The dominant frequency of the air-gun signal excited in 5.0m well is mainly from 10Hz to 40Hz,and lower than that in 0.2m well,which shows that bubble oscillation is better in larger water bodies.(2)In terms of exciting energy,the signal excited in 5.0m well has stronger energy than in 0.2m,and difference of 1 order in magnitude,the signal excited in 5.0m well with a single shot can transmit up to 9km.(3)The air-gun signal has good repeatability at two kinds of borehole. The downhole air-gun exciting technology system has potential application in the dynamic monitoring near fault zone with small scale range,exploration of oil and mineral resources,and modern urban geophysical environment.
Key words:  Artificial source  Downhole air­gun  Exciting environment  Seismic source characteristic  Repeatability