• 首页关于本刊投稿须知期刊订阅编委会期刊合作查询检索English
引用本文:
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 73次   下载 527 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
基于长江安徽段气枪主动源实验庐江台阵的台站对双差地震速度成像
胡景1) 钱佳威1) 郭浩1) 王康东1,3) 翟秋实1,2) 张海江1,2) 姚华建1,2) 张伟1,2) 安美建4)
1)中国科学技术大学地球和空间科学学院地震与地球内部物理实验室,合肥市金寨路96号 230026;2)蒙城地球物理国家野外科学观测研究站,安徽亳州 233527;3)安徽省勘查技术院,合肥 230031;4)中国地质科学院地质力学所,北京 100081
摘要:
针对气枪主动源监测中相位加权叠加数据绝对到时拾取可能存在较大误差的问题,提出基于台站之间叠加信号波形的相似性,利用台站对波形的互相关得到更准确到时差的策略。在此基础上,将台站对双差地震速度成像方法直接用于台站对到时差数据,以确定地下介质的速度异常。本文利用长江安徽段气枪实验在庐江临时地震台阵接收到的数据进行了测试,发现基于波形互相关得到的到时差数据比绝对到时数据更准确。最后,采用台站对双差地震成像的方法,得到了庐江台阵覆盖区域的地壳三维速度异常模型,继而确定了该地区较大尺度的地下结构分布。
关键词:  气枪源 相位加权叠加 波形互相关 台站对双差层析成像 庐江台阵
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(41474039)资助
Stationpair doubledifference seismic tomography using Lujiang seismic network with airgun data from the Yangtze River Active Source Experiment in Anhui province
Hu Jing1) Qian Jiawei1) Guo Hao1) Wang Kangdong1,3) Zhai Qiushi1) Zhang Haijiang1,2) Yao Huajian1,2) Zhang Wei1,2) An Meijian4)
1)School of Earth and Space Sciences,University of Science and Technology of China,Hefei 230026,China;2)Mengcheng National Geophysical Observatory,Bozhou 233527,Anhui,China;3)Geological Exploration Technologies Institute of Anhui Province,Hefei 230031,China;4)Institute of Geoemechanics,Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences,Beijing 100081,China
Abstract:
To overcome the challenging problem of picking accurate absolute arrival times on the phase weighted stacking waveforms from repeating active air-gun sources,we propose to take advantage of waveform similarity of the stacked data on stations to determine accurate station-pair differential arrival times by waveform cross correlation. Subsequently they can then be used directly to image velocity structures using the newly developed station-pair double-difference tomography method. We tested this method with the data recorded on the Lujiang seismic network from the Yangtze River Active Source Experiment in Anhui. We found that we could get more accurate station-pair differential arrival times with the waveform cross-correlation method than the manually picked arrival times. With the station-pair double-difference tomography method,we obtained the three-dimensional velocity model of the crust around the Lujiang seismic array,and then determined the relatively large-scale geological structures of the Lujiang area.
Key words:  Air­gun source  Phase weighted stacking  Waveform cross­correlation  Station­pair double­difference tomography  Lujiang seismic array