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四川长宁地区地震震源参数的时空分布特征
左可桢1, 赵翠萍2
1.中国地震局地球物理研究所, 北京 100081;2.中国地震局地震预测研究所, 北京 100036
摘要:
使用谱比法计算得到四川长宁地区2018年12月至2019年7月期间442个地震的震源参数,并进一步分析了震源参数之间的相互关系及应力降的时空分布特征。研究区的地震活动主要集中在长宁背斜核部和南部建武向斜页岩气开采区。研究结果显示,该地区ML1.3~4.7地震的应力降位于0.02~7.26MPa范围内,超过90%的地震应力降小于2MPa,应力降总体呈现随震级增大而增大的趋势,但与震源深度的关系并不明显。长宁MS6.0地震发生之前,震源区地震的应力降总体处于较低水平,主震发生之后,短期内余震的应力降较高,随后快速衰减。这些高应力降地震空间上主要集中在长宁余震区的西北段,也是余震强度较大、发生了几次MS>5.0强余震的位置。建武向斜页岩气开采区地震的应力降总体略低于长宁背斜地区,但差异并不显著。
关键词:  长宁MS6.0地震  谱比法  震源参数  应力降
DOI:
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基金项目:中国地震局地震预测研究所科研业务费专项(2020IEF0708)资助
The Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Source Parameters of Earthquakes in Changning Area,Sichuan Province
Zuo Kezhen1, Zhao Cuiping2
1.Institute of Geophysics, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing 100081, China;2.Institute of Earthquake Forecasting, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing 100036, China
Abstract:
The source parameters of 442 earthquakes from December 2018 to July 2019 in Changning area of Sichuan Province are calculated by spectral ratio method,and the relationship between the source parameters and the spatiotemporal distribution characteristics of stress drop are analyzed. The earthquakes in the study area are mainly concentrated in the Changning MS6.0 earthquake source area at the core of the Changning anticline and the Jianwu syncline shale gas mining area. We find that the stress drop of earthquakes with ML1.3~4.7 is in the range of 0.02~7.26MPa, more than 90% of the earthquake stress drop is less than 2MPa,and the stress drop increases with the magnitude,but the relationship with the focal depth is not obvious. Before the occurrence of the Changning MS6.0 earthquake,the stress drop of earthquakes in this area was generally at a low level. After the occurrence of the main earthquake,the stress drops of aftershocks increased significantly,and then decreased rapidly. In spatial distribution,the earthquakes with high stress drop are mainly concentrated in the northwest of Changning anticline,where several MS>5.0 aftershocks have occurred. While the stress drop of earthquakes in Jianwu syncline is relatively low. The stress drops of earthquakes in the Jianwu syncline shale gas mining area is slightly lower than that of the Changning anticline area,but the difference is not significant.
Key words:  Changning MS6.0 earthquake  Spectral ratio method  Source parameters  Stress drop